Frequently Asked Questions

Proving the existence of Ottoman origin is one of the ways through which the Turkish law grants the right of obtaining Turkish citizenship, which is issued in a period between six months to one year from the application date after proving the existence of an Ottoman origin or proving affiliation to any Turkish origin whether grandfather, grandmother, father, or mother using any birth certificate document or a military certificate, after that you need to obtain a Turkish government document called (Ottoman Origins Document).

Some foreigners can obtain Turkish citizenship in some exceptional cases, if they do not pose a threat to national security and do not threaten public order, such as:

  • Everyone who contributes and is expected to contribute to the effective and fundamental development of industry, technology, economic, social science, art, and sports.
  • People who are believed that they must obtain Turkish citizenship.
  • People who have been accepted as refugees.

Generally speaking, Turkish citizenship and the Turkish passport can be obtained in several ways, some of which fall under the investment clause, others fall under the clause, in addition to other situations through which the Turkish citizenship can be acquired.

  1. Obtaining Turkish citizenship through investment according to one of the following items:
  • Real estate ownership
  • Financial deposit
  • Investing in Turkey
  • Hiring 50 Turkish citizens.
  1. Obtaining Turkish citizenship through marriage or lineage
  2. Other situations for obtaining Turkish citizenship
  • Residence in Turkey with a 5-years work permit period
  • Exceptional nationality which is usually granted to certain people like those with university certificate of who came to Turkey and live in it.

The Turkish passport is one of the strongest passports in the world, and while so many countries require a visa, they grant it for the holders of Turkish citizenship with easy terms. The Turkish passport holder can travel to more than 80 countries with a Turkish passport without a visa, or with a visa issued upon arrival at the airport.

What are the requirements for Turkish citizenship?

The conditions for obtaining Turkish citizenship differ based on the different cases that lead to it such as real estate investment, shares investment, employing Turkish employees, etc... but they all have these conditions in common:

  1. The person must be of one of the nationalities allowed to benefit from the Citizenship Law.
  2. The person must be an adult.
  3. The person must adhere to the provisions of the Citizenship Law and its details that fall under it.
  4. The person must be free of serious infectious diseases.
  5. The person must have a clean criminal record.

Briefly, applying for Turkish citizenship and the stages of obtaining it are seven stages, but they can be summarized in the following four points:

Submitting the citizenship application request to the competent authority such as the investment office for investors and the Population Department for in case of marrying a Turkish person; after preparing the required documents and papers according to the case (investment, real estate ownership, Turkish origin...).

Then the request is transferred to the Population Department for necessary action.

The study and security research stage.

The decision-making stage.

The conditions for obtaining a Turkish passport and obtaining Turkish citizenship differ according to the different ways that lead to obtaining the citizenship (real estate investment - shares investment - employment Turkish citizens...), and these conditions all have these items in common:

The person is of one of the nationalities allowed to benefit from the nationality law.

The person must be an adult.

Adherence to the provisions of the Nationality Law and the details it falls under them.

The person should have no serious infectious diseases.

Clean criminal record.

According to the decision of granting Turkish citizenship to investors that was issued in 2018, obtaining Turkish citizenship in exchange for a real estate investment worth only $250,000 has become possible, the decision specified buying a property worth $250,000 at least and not selling it for three years; instead of one million US dollars in the previous decision, and according to the real estate ownership law, the owner has the right to apply for Turkish citizenship.

You can also obtain a Turkish passport by:

1.Investing in Turkey with a value of 500 thousand dollars.

2.Depositing $500,000 in a Turkish bank for 3 years.

3.Buying shares of government bonds worth $500,000.

4.Employing 50 Turkish citizens.

5.Turkish citizenship by residence permit for 5 years.

6.Turkish citizenship by marrying a Turkish person.

  1. Turkish citizenship by proofing Turkish origins.

Right now, the Turkish passport holder can enter the following European countries: Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Albania, Macedonia, and Montenegro, and if Turkey joins the European Union, the option to enter European countries will be available of course.

The Turkish passport is one of the strongest passports in the world, and many of the countries that require visa grant holders of Turkish passport the visa with easy conditions.

The Turkish passport allows its holder to enter more than 43 countries without being required to obtain a visa in advance, including Qatar, Tunisia, Jordan, Iraq, Morocco, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, Singapore, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Brazil, Argentina, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador, Georgia, Paraguay, Serbia, South Africa, Thailand, Northern Cyprus, Ukraine, Uruguay.

The Turkish passport holder can also enter more than 40 countries with a visa issued upon arrival, the most important of which are: Kuwait, Bahrain, Lebanon, Sudan, and most African countries, in addition to three countries that issue an electronic visa online, they are Ivory Coast, Jamaica, and Mexico.

In 2020, the Turkish passport was ranked 24th in the world after the Corona pandemic, recording 86 points on the passport index, it allows its holder to enter more than 40 countries without obtaining an entry visa in advance, and holders of Turkish passport can enter more than 40 countries with an entry visa issued upon arrival, and more than three countries grant the Turkish passport holder an electronic entry visa online. It is expected that the Turkish passport will return to its rank after Corona which removed it from its previous position slightly.

A work permit is granted to the foreigners who are employed in Turkish companies, and it entitles them to work in the Turkish Republic and benefit from health insurance. If a father or mother obtains a work permit, then all family members (husband, wife, and children) have the right to obtain a residence permit, the duration of which is the same as the duration of the primary work residence permit of the father or the mother.

Applying for the renewal of a work residence permit in Turkey is carried out personally in accordance with the law at the consulates of the Turkish republic in the country in which the applicant resides if outside of Turkey, and the new application requires a certain residency period inside Turkey, the applicant will get the result within one month, maximum.

The work residence is granted to foreigners who are employed in Turkish companies, where the company obtains a work permit from the Ministry of Labor for the foreigners to be employed, then applies for a work residence permit for the employee.  

There are several advantages for the work permit in Turkey such as obtaining health and social security for the worker as well as the worker's family, getting medical treatment at the expense of the country in all its hospitals, the children can enter various government schools, the worker can get a pension after sixty, also, the worker may obtain Turkish citizenship after five years of obtaining the work permit, it is also easily possible to apply for a visa from other countries, not to mention other advantages such as preserving the rights of the worker and ensuring that the worker obtains all the privileges.

The foreigner must be holding a valid passport and a residence permit for a period no less than six months, and if the foreigner does not hold a residence permit in Turkey, the application shall be submitted at the Turkish embassies in the foreigner's country or in the country in which the foreigner has been residing before coming to Turkey.

Turkish law stipulates that a fine of 17,000 Turkish liras on should be imposed on the employer, and the worker will be deported at the expense of the employer, also, the violations are doubled for every employer who has workers without a work permit.

A work permit is granted to the foreigners who are employed in Turkish companies, and it entitles them to work in the Turkish Republic and benefit from health insurance. If a father or mother obtains a work permit, then all family members (husband, wife, and children) have the right to obtain a residence permit, the duration of which is the same as the duration of the primary work residence permit of the father or the mother.

The cost of obtaining a work permit in Turkey is about 1,200 Turkish liras

Conditions of residence permit in Turkey vary according to its type. The main goal of the residence permit in Turkey is to grant a legal residence in Turkey for those wishing to stay in Turkey for work or truism.

The residence permit in Turkey is considered one of the short-term residence permits in Turkey.

The residence permit in Turkey can be Renewed by submitting the necessary documents to renew the tourist residence permit, which are:

-Residence permit application form

-A copy of the passport ratified by the notary.

- A copy of the current residence permit card.

- Four colored personal photos with white background

- Health insurance

- Address verification.

- A copy of the application fee payment receipt

A date of renewing the residence permit can be reserved for those outside Turkey, then they must come on the appointment date to the interview, taking into account that the Turkish state no longer accepts renewing the residence permit without an acceptable reason.

The short-term residence permit is rejected, canceled if granted, or may not be extended after expiring in the following cases:

  • Failure to fulfill one of the conditions required to obtain a residence permit.
  • If proven that the residence permit has been used contrary to the purpose for which it has been granted.
  • If there is a deport decision outside of Turkey or if there is a decision that prevents the applicant from entering the country.
  • Breaching the period required to reside outside Turkey for foreigners who entered it before.

The fees paid in the finance department differs according to the nationality of the applicant, as for the cost of health insurance, its value is determined depending on the age group of that person, where this matter varies greatly between one nationality and the other according to age groups.

The residence card is issued and sent to the address of the applicant by government mail PTT during 30 to 90 days at most since the date of receiving the documents, and it is valid for one or two years (according to what is mentioned in the application).

It is a residence permit granted to foreigners who stayed in Turkey under a residence permit for no less than eight continuous years.

Foreigners who have stayed in Turkey under a residence permit for no less than eight consecutive years, and foreigners who fulfill the conditions set by the Immigration Policy Foundation, are granted a long-term residence permit with the approval of the Turkish Ministry of Interior.

The applicant can obtain a long-term residence after fulfilling the conditions mentioned in Article 43 of the Foreigners and International Protection Act, which are:

  • The foreigner has resided for at least eight continuous years in Turkey
  • The foreigner should not have received any social assistance in the last three years.
  • The foreigner has a source of income sufficient for his/her livelihood and as well as his/her family if any.
  • The foreigner must have valid health insurance.
  • The foreigner does not pose a threat to public order and security in Turkey.

1.    What documents do I need for Turkish residence?

There are some documents required to apply for a permanent residence permit in Turkey, they are:

  • Residence permit application form.
  • The original and an original copy of the passport or travel document.
  • Submit the previous residence permit document.
  • Two personal photos the same size as passport photos.
  • Clean criminal record document.
  • Medical Insurance (Sigorta).
  • Permanent residence permit application.
  • Home address.

The previous documents are submitted in one file to the Turkish Ministry of Interior - General Directorate of Immigration Management.

Real estate residence permit (residence permit in Turkey by buying a property) and the residence permit share several aspects, but the real estate residence permit is better in terms of renewal ability and the granted period.

The real estate residence permit enables the owner of the property to reside on Turkish lands by buying an apartment in Turkey and residing in it.

Real estate residence permit (residence in Turkey by buying a property) is usually granted for one year, also the wife and children under the age of 18 are entitled to obtain residence permits as they are considered to be the escorts of the owner.

Real estate residence permit in Turkey is one of the rights of the foreign real estate owners in Turkey, and it is granted by the Immigration Department in the province in which the person owns a property. It is not required to obtain a real estate residence permit in Turkey unless the property is intended for residence, also, there is no minimum price for the property is required, as any house in Turkey at any price allows its owner to obtain a real estate residence permit directly.

There are some documents required for the real estate residence permit in Turkey, they are:

  • The title deed of the real estate.
  • Earthquake insurance of the real estate.
  • A passport that is valid for six months at least.
  • A family statement of the children, translated into Turkish and ratified by the Turkish embassy in the home country.
  • Health insurance in the Turkish territory for each family member.

It is the Turkish professional association that organizes tourism companies in Turkey, it was established in 1972 to organize the tourism sector in Turkey, at the same time, it provides support to all travel agencies operating in Turkey. One of its main tasks is to follow the tourism sector in Turkey and work to solve all problems regarding this field.

If you want to establish a tourism company in Turkey, you must obtain a Tursab license.

The merchant card is issued in Turkey from the chambers of commerce centers in the Turkish provinces, you can apply for it through the company’s legal accountant, as the accountant fills out a special form signed by the concerned person, and then the documents are delivered to the responsible employee who receives the request, after that, within ten days, the card or a business license is sent to the address of the company.

Usually, the legal accountant's fees are predetermined and are not related to the percentage of profits of the company or institution, also, the legal accounting must be of Turkish nationality.

The chartered accountant is the person legally authorized to manage all kinds of accounts of companies and institutions, and the accountant's work includes company accounts, feasibility studies, cost studies, financing, and so on, also, the accountant is the party authorized to deal as a mediator between the company or institution and between the other legal institutions in the country such as the Tax Authority, Social Insurance, banks, etc.

When establishing a company in Turkey, a person obtains a lot of advantages, including:

  • Health insurance for all family members, as it grants them free treatment in all hospitals of the country.
  • Obtaining a work residence permit.
  • Obtaining a merchant card which allows obtaining all the information regarding the tenders and exhibitions of the country.
  • Support from the Ministry of Economy when marketing the Turkish products and holding exhibitions and events for the company abroad.
  • Ease of export as the Turkish government exempts exports from taxes.
  • Ease of marketing products in the European Union.
  • Social security, as the Turkish government grants it if the company is closed or lost.
  • Schools and universities are free for family members.
  • Retirement pension after working for a certain period in the Turkish territory.

Establishing a company in Turkey is one of the easy things that are away from the tiring bureaucracy, as the new investor can easily obtain the necessary documents for his/her new company, which are a photocopy of the passport translated into the Turkish language and ratified by a notary, the validity period of the passport should be more than six months, the entry stamp to Turkey must be present, obtaining a tax number document which can be issued easily from any tax center in Turkey, in addition to three personal photos.

The articles of association must be prepared to establish the company, it also needed to be ratified by a notary and attached to a statement about the company's address.

Depositing 25% of the value of the capital in the bank, and it is recommended that the capital be greater than the amount specified in Turkish law to take advantage of other benefits that the large-capital companies get, that is why it is always recommended that the capital be at least one hundred thousand Turkish liras or more, this makes it easier to obtain a work permit/residence permit for the owners and workers of the company, in addition to other important benefits.

It is not required to deposit the capital in a Turkish bank during the establishment period of the company, provided that it is deposited before applying for a work permit/residence permit, or within two years from the date of establishment.

The capital is deposited in the bank account of the company that is created, and the company obtains from the bank a deposit document with the value of the capital, after which the company’s documents can be managed and approved by the Chamber of Commerce in Turkey, obtaining the real estate registry, and any other procedures.

Submitting the original copy of the company’s articles of association in addition to two certified copies of it to the Commercial Registry Office within 15 days from the date of authentication and ratification by the notary.

It varies according to the type of the established company, as joint-stock companies should not have a capital less than 50,000 Turkish lira / equivalent to about 9,000 dollars, the joint companies have no minimum required capital, but the companies with private legislations that have no limited liability, licensing them is often difficult as their conditions differ based on the different administrative authority responsible for issuing the license, not to mention that they require large sums of money, while the minimum capital of the limited liability companies is 10,000 Turkish liras / equivalent to less than 2,000 US dollars.

There are four types of companies in Turkey, they are:

Joint-stock companies S.A, the company’s capital is divided into shares distributed among the shareholders, and the shareholders’ liability equals the percentage of their shares of the company they hold as shareholder partners.

- The number of establishing partners must be at least five persons or legal entities with a capital of at least 50,000 Turkish lira / equivalent to about 9,000 dollars, a quarter of this amount is paid before the company’s registration. The joint-stock companies can carry out any commercial or industrial activity permitted by Turkish law, except for some businesses and activities that require special permissions from the Ministry of Industry and Trade, and these companies include a board of directors and a supervisory board.

- Limited Partnership Company, this type of company is established to run a commercial project under a specific trade name, and the liability of all shareholders is limited. with no minimum capital required, all shareholders must be real persons, and the shareholders' rights and obligations are determined by the articles of association.

- Companies with their own legislation / Unlimited Liability Company, the licensing for such companies is often difficult because of the different conditions and administrative authority responsible for issuing the license, this includes banks and private financial institutions, insurance companies, financial leasing companies, debt collecting companies, holding companies, foreign exchange companies, and companies that deal with storage in warehouses.

- Limited liability companies, this typical type of company is for owners of small and medium projects, they consist of a minimum of one shareholder and a maximum of fifty shareholders. The cost of establishing this type of company in Turkey is very acceptable, the minimum capital of this company is 10,000 Turkish lira which is less than 2000 US dollars, but if there are two shareholders, the minimum capital for them should be 12,500 Turkish liras.